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Brickwork

 

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Brick Gable with Jeffery Long, Bricklayer. May 2011

 

 

Flemish garden bond is the brick pattern in evidence in the brick walling to these hovels, but was not strictly adhered to, as was noted in the original brick gable end to the hovel illustrated. The bond pattern consists of three stretcher bricks placed in a row, with a header brick being placed at 90 degrees, following with another three row stretcher bricks. The header secures the two deep brick row courses together. The header and stretcher pattern alternates every course so the header crosses over the stretcher bricks in the course below. Also the mortar bed is shallower than that of modern mortar beds.

Footings, likely two courses high and thought to be those belonging to a demolished hovel number 4. See Aerial photograph for location. These remains were unearthed during construction of the rerouted Lenchwick Lane adjoining the A44 link road. Summer 2004.

 

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First and second photograph - in the centre of the image, underneath the partition screen soleplate as seen in blue outline, is the position of the brick key in the top brick course of the dwarf wall, and found either side of the building. Either side of the brick key is a packer brick piece, as noted by blue outlines. These brick pieces ensure the brick key butts centrally against the side of the outside stretcher brick, as also seen in blue outline. The brick key serves to lock the dwarf wall, to the paved floor and footings underneath to the timber partition sole plate at junction to the dwarf wall.

Third photograph shows the single brick course footings laid without mortar and at 90°counter to the direction to the line of paved floor bricks above. This line of bricks contain the brick keys at either end.

Views of brick paved flooring. First two photos show stable floor with Evesham brick laid staggered and side down. A large middle area of the stable floor bricks were replaced and surfaced with railway sleepers, likely as a result of damage to the original brick floor by the stabled horse. The railway sleepers were eventually hollowed by the horse's hind feet. Third photo shows the larger communal room with various brick types, laid staggered face down. The different brick types are likely as the result of repair and consist mainly of Pershore brick. Pershore brick was perhaps the original floor brick used. Rabbits had undermined these and the stable floor bricks. A shoe was found underneath main room floor with a piece of paper within, with the date 1954 written.

Photos one and two shows an area of hollowed out soil within the stable floor, this is where the railway sleepers were placed. In the back and foreground of these two photos, there is what is left of the brick stable floor and the remnants of sloping drainage gully from the far side downwards to the near side dwarf wall. This dwarf wall is found under the present timber gable end. Photo one shows in the middle, on the upper most course visable a brick laid as a header, this brick course is in fact the second down from the finished top course. Positioned behind, is another brick laid in line and counter to the bricks either side. This brick layout can also be seen at the rear and middle of photo 2. Photo 1with the header brick in its middle, shows the exit point for horse waste to drain out of the stable under the timber sole plate. In the finished dwarf wall at this point, there is positioned a brick course above and either side of this header brick, forming a opening in the top course of the brickwork. This opening in the top course of the brickwork is evident in the very middle of photo 3 under the timber sole plate with the bottom of this gap noted by the header brick with two fluted cavities facing outwards. Photo 2. See rabbit hole to right against dwarf wall in side elevation. Also see timber panelled partition wall in background.

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Blue line notes fall of stable brick paved floor alongside brick dwarf wall at timber gable, meeting at waste point opening in brick top course.

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Detail of stable floor against dwarf wall at west elevation. Note bricks are laid side down and staggered. Note the rear bricks are at the same height as the top face of the top course of bricks in the dwarf wall. The stable floor consists of header bricks and are presumably used for strength as opposed to the dual fluted stretcher bricks.

 

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Blue parallel lines mark solid bricks laid face down. These bricks laid 90° counter to the adjacent floor bricks form the low point in the brick paved floor. The rear of the floor against the timber panelled tongue and groove boarded screen is at the same height has the dwarf wall. The slope gradient of the gully from rear to the waste opening in the gable dwarf wall is a height of a brick, being 3inches.

 

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Blue parallel lines note brick paved slope downwards from rear of stable to waste exit point opening in dwarf wall. The acsending blue lines either side notes the angle of the internal paved floor. Red lines mark brick top course of dwarf wall with gap forming waste exit opening.

 

Shows Newton concrete blocks being laid with brick footings to dwarf walling. Note original gable brick wall still in position with timber mantle shelf.

Shows trial layout of bricks laid dry in Flemish Garden Bond.

Photo one, view from north-east shows original brick gable wall down. Second photo view from south -east, shows new brick gable end in progress and third photo, view from south-west, shows its completion.

Brickwork around fireplace being replaced. Brickwork at this point after rebuilding of brick gable end was found not to follow correct brick detail. Three fanned timber support holds metal former to underside of brick arch in position during work.